Sidee Bohr u beddelaa moodalka Rutherford?
Sidee Bohr u beddelaa moodalka Rutherford?
Anonim

Si loo xaliyo dhibaatada xasiloonida, Bohr wax ka beddelay model Rutherford iyada oo u baahan in elektaroonnada ay u guuraan wareegyada cabbirka iyo tamarta go'an. Tamarta elektarooniga waxay kuxirantahay xajmiga meeraha oo way ka hooseeyaan wareegyada yaryar. Shucaaca wuxuu dhici karaa kaliya marka elektarooniga uu ka boodo hal wareeg oo u wareego mid kale.

Ka sokow, sidee buu qaabka Bohr uga duwan yahay kan Rutherford?

Rutherford Atamku wuxuu ku tilmaamay inuu ka kooban yahay tiro yar oo togan oo ay ku wareegsan yihiin daruur elektaroonig taban ah. Bohr waxay u maleeyeen in electrons ay ku wareegaan xudunta wareegyada tirada badan. Bohr ku dhisan model Rutherford ee atamka. Markaa suurtagal ma ahayn in elektaroonnada ay qabsadaan heer kasta oo tamar ah.

Waa maxay dhibaatooyinka uu Bohr ka helay aragtida Rutherford? Bohr la hareer maray dhibaatada Rutherford's Model Atomic ah isagoo soo jeedinaya in elektaroonnada ay "boodaan" inta u dhaxaysa wareegyada marka ay helaan ama lumiyaan tamar. Sidaa darteed, kuma jiraan xaalad u dhaxaysa wareegyada. Elektaroonnada si xun u dallacay waxay ku wareegaan xudunta si togan loo dallacay wareegtada oo leh heerar tamar go'an.

Sidaas oo kale, sidee buu Bohr wax uga beddelay qaabka nidaamka qoraxda ee Rutherford ee atamka Waa maxay xaddidaadda qaabka Bohr?

Bohr wanaajiyay Qaabka atomiga ee Rutherford iyagoo soo jeediyay in electrons ay ku socdaaleen wareegyo wareeg ah oo leh heerar tamar gaar ah. Sharaxaad: Rutherford waxay soo jeediyeen in electrons ay u wareegaan xudunta sida meerayaasha qorraxda ku wareegsan. Marka bir ah atamka waa la kululeeyaa, waxay nuugtaa tamarta iyo electrons u boodaan heerarka tamarta sare.

Waa maxay isbeddellada uu Bohr sameeyay si uu u horumariyo fahamkayaga atamka?

Sanadkii 1913, Niels Bohr waxay soo jeedisay aragti ah hydrogen atamka iyadoo lagu salaynayo aragtida quantum in tamarta lagu wareejiyo oo kaliya tiro si fiican loo qeexay. Electrons waa inay ku wareegaan xudunta laakiin kaliya wareegyada loo qoray. Marka aad ka boodo mid wareeg ah una gudubto mid kale oo leh tamar hoose, quantum iftiin ayaa soo baxaya.

Mawduuca caan ku ah