Sideed ugu meelaysaa mudnaanta samafal?
Sideed ugu meelaysaa mudnaanta samafal?
Anonim

1. Horay u sii afarta atamka, ama kooxaha atamka, ee ku xidhan chiral xarun ku salaysan lambarka atamka ee atamka kaas oo si toos ah ugu xidhan chiral xarunta. Marka uu sareeyo nambarka atomiga, waa uu sarreeyaa mudnaanta. "4" ayaa ugu hooseeya mudnaanta.

Sidoo kale in la ogaado waa, sidee ayaad ugu meelayn kartaa mudnaanta kuwa beddelka ah?

U qoondee mudnaanta isku xigxiga afarta beddelaad adiga oo eegaya atamka si toos ah ugu xiran xarunta chiral

  1. Markasta oo uu sareeyo tirada atomiga ee atamka beddelka degdega ah, ayaa mudnaanta sare leh.
  2. Haddii labada beddelka ahi ay leeyihiin atom beddel ah oo isla markiiba ah,

Sidoo kale, waa maxay xeerka mudnaanta leh? Xeerarka mudnaanta leh Bixi tilmaamo ku saabsan sida ay u kala horreeyaan oo ay tahay in shaqooyinka loo shaqeeyo. The xeerar guud ahaan waxay ku lug leedahay malo ah in kharashka habaynta shaqada iyo wakhtiga ay ka madax banaan yihiin. waqtiyada habaynta. Marka la isticmaalayo tan xeerar, waqtiyada habaynta shaqada iyo taariikhda la filayo waa qaybo muhiim ah. ee xogta.

Iyadoo tan la eegayo, sidee ayaad ku meelayn kartaa mudnaanta Runescape?

Marka hore, go'aami midkee silsiladaha leh xidhiidhka ugu horreeya ee atamka leh kan ugu sarreeya mudnaanta (lambarka atomiga ugu sarreeya). Silsiladdaas ayaa leh tan sare mudnaanta. Haddii silsiladuhu ay isku mid yihiin, hoos u sii wad silsiladda, ilaa barta farqiga u dhexeeya. Tusaale ahaan: beddelka ethyl ayaa qaata mudnaanta ka badan beddelka methyl.

Sideed u qoondaysaa mudnaanta?

Si ay u u dhiibo stereochemistry ee stereocenter ama double bond, the mudnaanta, ama muhiimada, kooxaha ku xidhan stereocenter ama double bond waa in marka hore la go'aamiyaa. Mudnaanta waa loo xilsaaray tiro ahaan, iyadoo 1 uu yahay kan ugu sarreeya mudnaanta, 2 ku xiga, iwm.

Mawduuca caan ku ah